Dedicated to Education
and Research in Nutrition and Disease Prevention
Helping to Build Strong Genes and Healthy Cells
color pencil illustration by Suzanne L. Adams, CT (ASCP), copyright
*HPV has been found in association with low folic acid and antioxidant micronutrient status (Hernandez BY, 2003, Kwasniewska A, 2002 & 1997, Harper JM, 1994). Folic acid has been shown to have a protective effect against the development of HPV, and improving folate status in people at risk of getting infected or who are already infected may have a beneficial impact in the prevention of cervical cancer (Piyathilake CJ, 2004).
*Many cases of HPV resolve on their own but certain strains, such as HPV-16, 18, 30, 33, and 45, are considered more aggressive and may lead to cervical cancer. HPV-DNA testing has shown that virtually all cervical cancers test positive for HPV with over 90% of them testing positive for HPV-16, 18, and 45 (Munoz N, 2003, Ngelangel C, 1998). Women who are HIV positive are particularly vulnerable to HPV and often have unrelenting reoccurrences that quickly progress to invasive cervical cancer (Lee YC, 2000). HPV is so common in HIV positive women, it is now listed as an AID's defining illness. HPV is at epidemic proportions, although early detection through Pap tests is helping to reduce its occurrence and deaths from cervical cancer worldwide. Cervical cancer kills approximately 300,000 women worldwide. Recent studies have also strongly linked certain strains of HPV, especially HPV-16, with the pathogenesis of squamous cell carcinoma of the throat in both men and women (D'Souza G, 2007).
*There are now two approved vaccines, Gardasil and Cervarix, that provide substantial protection against the most common high risk types of HPV (HPV16 and 18, which cause about 70% of cervical cancers, and HPV 6 and 11, which cause approximately 90% of genital warts) in girls and young women (9-26 years of age) who have not yet been exposed to the virus. While the vaccines provide almost 100% protection against the above four HPV strains, they may increase the risk of developing lesions that lead to cervical cancer in women already exposed to the virus. Rare but serious side-effects, including paralysis and seizures, have been reported. The vaccines do not protect against less common strains of HPV that may lead to cervical cancer, such as HPV-30 and HPV-33, so regular Pap tests are still required after vaccinations.
Cytology Features of HPV
Read about HPV and
see Suzanne's HPV Illustration
in the March, 2002 issue of the Medical Laboratory Observer Magazine
About the Booklet
A 72 page color spiral-bound booklet containing over 50 color drawings and photos along with current well-researched statistics and information that explain in a nutshell how life-style practices, including optimal micronutrient intake, can significantly reduce the risk of disease processes, particularly HPV, cervical cancer, and NTD-related birth defects (eg: Spina bifida). This booklet contain several new drawings by Suzanne such as folic acid/B12 deficiency changes in red blood cells, the interior of an artery showing atherosclerosis, stages of the neural tube during embryonic development showing NTD defects, and a child born with a cleft palate and lip. Color photographs include real cytology cases of cervical cancer, HPV, and folic acid deficiency, plus various others types of photos to enhance the presentation.
This booklet was created to assist the public as well as health and science educators in understanding the crucial role nutrition and optimal life-style practices play in protecting the human genome from cancer, genetic defects, and disease processes. It was also created to help support the diligent efforts of the CDC, the March of Dimes, the Spina Bifida Association of America, and the American Cancer Society in their mission to prevent cancer, birth defects, and diseases processes.
The Art of Cytology:
With Micronutrient Discussions
of Contents and Dedications
Email email@example.com to request permission
to use one of her drawings for educational purposes.
*On the web promoting optimal cellular nutrition since 1998*